Watering strawberries in different periods of its development can affect yields. We will tell you which method of irrigation to choose, and how to properly water the strawberries during flowering and fruiting.
The average watering rate of strawberries in the spring is 10 liters per square meter of planting. It should be borne in mind that excessive moisture and stagnant water can provoke root to rot, so you need to closely monitor the rationing.
First of all, young seedlings need strong watering. After planting, each bush needs up to 0.5 liters of warm water. The procedure is repeated for 14 days, three times a week. After this time, switch to a standard irrigation scheme, depending on weather conditions.
If you need to calculate how often to water strawberries during fruiting, first of all, you need to study the type of soil:
The root system of berry culture is underdeveloped and is located in the upper layers of the soil, so it is unable to extract moisture from its depth. Accordingly, regular moistening of strawberry beds is a prerequisite for a good harvest.
Irrigation of strawberries during the flowering period is carried out by drip to protect the flowers from dust, along with which the disease spreads. If this method is not available, watering is carried out so that water does not fall on the leaves and flowers. If possible, the drip method of moistening the soil is left when the ovary appears, despite the fact that after flowering you can use watering by sprinkling.
Many homeowners are skeptical about whether to water strawberries during flowering, which begins in early varieties in late May. At a time when there is still a season of spring rains, and the ground is still quite wet after the snow melts. Here it is necessary to decide considering weather conditions as during flowering rhizomes of berry culture react especially sharply to lack of moisture.
If the soil is wet or raining, watering can be omitted, but when the weather is hot dry, moistening should be carried out according to a certain scheme:
At fruit formation the plant needs special attention, regular plentiful watering is important. In between rows of strawberries you can dig furrows to direct water. Watering strawberries during fruiting should be combined with soil aeration to provide the root system with oxygen. Do not allow the soil to dry out and form a dry crust on the surface. To avoid this phenomenon, it is recommended to mulch the soil with black film, pine needles, sawdust or straw. In addition to retaining moisture, mulch creates a protective layer that protects the crop from insects and infection by putrefactive bacteria that live in the ground, as well as delays the growth of weeds.
Proper watering of strawberries is a prerequisite for a decent harvest of berries. Before watering strawberries during flowering, or at any other time, consider the quality of the soil, the amount of moisture needed for development, as well as fertilization and protective agents that can be combined.