Spring Care of Currant Bushes

It is difficult to imagine a modern garden without black currant. The greatest value for us is its rich content of vitamin C. It is believed that it is vitamin C that gives currants sourness. However, this is not the case! Berries of some varieties have an extremely rich and sweet taste.

During its existence, black currants “evolved” from a wild plant to a popular berry crop among gardeners. Its balanced composition of vitamins is several times higher than the similar set in other berries and fruits. The essential oils contained in currants have a unique flavour, which housekeepers use with good effect in various ways when preparing jam, preserves, juice or sauces.

Currants are appreciated for a good “set” of sugars, pectin, organic acids and minerals. Treatment of currants in early spring is carried out both to fight diseases and to get rid of pests. Many of them wake up before the first leaves appear on the shrub. It works in a gardener’s favour, since he/she can safely spray the shrub with specialized solutions without fear of damaging the delicate greens.

To do harm to pests, and not to yourself, when treating the berry shrubs, one needs to follow a number of norms and rules:

  • Before spraying, remove all dry and bad branches from the shrub, make the soil under it free from fallen leaves, stir it.
  • Treat the shrub in March, April. Before the first “awakening” of plants.
  • Do not forget to spray the soil in the circles around the shrub trunk (at a distance of 50-60 cm from the root).
  • Spray in special clothing (a special coat, hat, gloves and respirator).
  • For the procedure, choose a morning or evening time on a dry windless day, when in the weather forecast there is no precipitation for the nearest 2-3 days.
  • Dilute the selected preparation strictly according to the instructions.
  • At the time of spraying and for the next 12-24 hours, keep children and pets out of the area.
  • Do not store the remains of the diluted preparation, but dispose of it according to the instructions.

Currants, like any plant, need care, but compared to other berries, it is much simpler than it seems at first glance. Carry out a few simple procedures in spring and at the end of the season you will see how “grateful” this crop can be.

Pruning Currants in Spring

If you didnt prune the currants last autumn, be sure to do so in early spring. The procedure should be performed before the swelling of the buds, that is in the period when the shrubs have not yet begun to “wake up” after hibernation. Firstly, remove last year’s plant waste from the circles around the shrub trunk, and then cut out all the dry, damaged, underdeveloped and bad shoots.

If last winter was not abundant in snow and in spring the soil is not filled with melt water, then in spring you need to pay special attention to watering currants. Because of the lack of water, the berry bush will not be able to develop normally, bloom profusely and give a good harvest. This is especially true of moisture-loving black currants – red and white currants are more drought tolerant.
If there is little rain in spring and the soil dries quickly when it becomes warm, you need to make a rule to water the currants 2-3 times a month.

It is naive to believe that currants that grow in one place for many years will be able to get food for themselves on their own. Without your support, the berry bush will “starve” and will not find the strength to form a good harvest.

In early spring, special attention should be paid to nitrogen – this macronutrient is responsible for the active growth of shoots and leaves, normalizes metabolic processes in plant tissues, and affects the quality and size of the harvest. In the time of blossoming and setting fruits, the need for nitrogen decreases slightly, but the need for potassium, phosphorus and micronutrient elements increases.

It is easy to get a good return from currants – this crop is very sensitive to attention and care. Support the berry bush in spring – and it will definitely repay you with a bountiful harvest of large sweet berries.