Many gardeners and farmers pay too little attention to the fruit bushes on their plots, believing that it is enough to plant the bush, and the rest depends on it. In fact, only the proper care leads to abundant fruiting, quality of berries, development and propagation of shrubs.
For planting raspberries, they choose sunny areas sheltered from the wind. The soil should be filled with organic fertilizers. The choice of variety depends solely on a gardener’s preferences. There are raspberry varieties that are resistant to diseases and pests, ones of different ripening periods, high- and low-growing ones.
At the same time young plants should not be exposed to freezing. Under certain conditions, planting of raspberries throughout a year is possible, but it is necessary to ensure constant and quality watering. The roots of the plants should not dry out. In particular, it is desirable to use mulching. When planting, the bushes are shortened to a length of 30-40 cm. This gives the new shoots, which
will bear fruit next year.
In addition to watering, fertilizing is very important for raspberries. In late summer, after fruiting potash fertilizers should be applied. In late autumn, after the leaves turn yellow, or in early spring, even on the snow yet, nitrogen fertilizers should be applied. Excess fertilizing or applying fertilizers at the wrong time can lead to reduction in yields and even plants’ death.
To increase yields, only strong shoots are left on the bushes and others are cut down. All damaged, diseased and thin shoots are to be removed. In autumn, the stems that have already harvested are to
be cut down. Usually the weak one-year-old shoots with the so-called immature buds are subject to cutting down.
Raspberry tying up also affects the yield of the bush. This provides additional light to each shoot, helps in setting flower buds on young shoots. When tied up, the number of new shoots is well controlled; excessive thickening can lead to diseases and accumulation of a great number of raspberry pests.
To continue the fruiting of raspberries in one place, it is necessary to constantly rejuvenate it. To do this, the old roots are removed and only quality roots are left on the ground. They later develop and the young raspberry stems significantly increase their yield compared to the cropping power of the previous season.