Irrigation

Irrigation is the admission of water to fields lacking moisture and increasing its supplies in the soil layer where the roots of plants are located, in order to increase soil fertility.

Irrigation is a type of reclamation

Irrigation improves the supply of moisture and nutrients to the roots of plants, reduces the temperature of the surface layer of air and increases its humidity.

All plants that are planted in our farming enterprise are planted for irrigation. Each plant at the time of drought or lack of water receives watering.

We have special sensors that monitor the plant’s moisture supply, and as soon as the sensor indicates that there is not enough moisture, we are sure to water. Besides, micro- and macroelements, with which we saturate the soil before planting the seedlings. In particular, if we are talking about an intermediate crop, it is organic residues. When we plough it with disks, we enrich the soil with organic substances.

In autumn, we apply additional mineral fertilizers to enrich the nutrient content of the soil. Accordingly, throughout the season we have an opportunity to apply such elements as boron, zinc. We add all these microelements directly to the droplet. We dissolve them in water and it already contains all these micronutrients.

The main methods of irrigation include:

  • traditional irrigation – watering the furrows with water supplied by a pump or from an irrigation canal;
  • sprinkling – spraying water from specially laid pipes;
  • aerosol irrigation – irrigation with the smallest drops of water to regulate the temperature and humidity of the surface layer of the atmosphere;
  • subsoil irrigation – irrigation of lands by supplying water directly to the soil zone where the roots of plants are located;
  • inundative irrigation – deep one-time spring moistening of the soil with local runoff waters.

The peculiarity of tillage on irrigated lands consists in taking special measures to prepare the soil for watering, post- watering loosening between rows with row crops, applying fertilizers and herbicides with irrigation water.

Tillage is an effective measure of activation of microbiological activity and nutrient regime of plants, therefore within the conditions of irrigation with its help a fertile layer with optimal physical, chemical and biological indicators is created. The peculiarities of tillage within the conditions of irrigation also consist in taking special measures to prepare the soil for watering, post- watering tillage, a certain combination of tillage with watering and fertilization.

The interaction of tillage and watering contributes to the effective control of weeds, pests and diseases, significantly changing their composition and development.